Tuesday, November 26, 2019
Canned Air Isnt Air (Chemical Composition) Canned air isnt air, though it is canned. Its not even filled with a gas you normally find in air. Canned air or gas duster is a product that uses compressed gas to clean surfaces. Its nice for blasting out keyboard chow and dust bunnies in the cooling vents of computers and other electronic devices. You may have heard about people dying from purposely inhaling canned air, presumably trying to get high off of it. There are two ways you can die from this practice. One is from anoxia or simply not getting enough oxygen. The other is from the toxicity of the gases used in the product. The usual gases found in canned air are difluoroethane, trifluoroethane, tetrafluoroethane, or butane. Butane is an interesting choice because its flammable, so using canned air to cool hot electronics may not be a wise decision (see my burning bubbles project if you need convincing about potential flammability). Incidentally, burning the fluorocarbons tends to produce extra-nasty chemicals such as hydrofluoric acid and carbonyl fluoride. My laptop would suffocate and overheat without a little help from canned air every now and then. Its a useful product to have around. Just dont go thinking its a harmless household chemical, because its not.
Saturday, November 23, 2019
ACT Homeschool Code for Registration SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips If you've registered for the ACT, you may have noticed that you'll need to enter a school code. But what code do you put if you're homeschooled? How can you make sure your scores get to you? We answer your questions in this guide! What Is the ACT Homeschool Code? The universal ACTHomeschool Code is 969-999.This code is applicable anywhere in the USA, and it's what you'll use when asked to provide a school code. When you use this ACT homeschool code, itmeans that your score results will be sent directly to your home. You will have already provided your address in a different part of the registration process, and ACT will use that information to know where to send your scores. Why Does the ACT Ask for School Codes? There are two reasons why students are asked to provide a school code when they register for the ACT. The first is so their school can see how well they and other students are doing on standardized tests. The second reason is that ACT uses this information itself to collect data on how well different groups of students do on the exam.This can include comparing scores of students within one local area, comparing scores of students in different states, and comparing scores of students in public schools vs home schools.Homeschooled students, on average, score higher on the SAT and theACTthan their public school counterparts. When Should You Use Your Local High School's Code? If you want to, you can use the local high school's code instead of a homeschool code,as long as you have permission from the high school. This could be a good option if you plan on attending the high school later on and want them to already have your ACT scores, or if you need to provide them your ACT scores to participate in their extracurriculars. Conversely, this could mean less privacy for you, since the high school officials would then be able to view your ACT scores. If that bothers you, then it might be better to use the ACT homeschooler's code and send your scores directly to your residence. Other Resources for Homeschoolers Taking the ACT Need more information on registering for the ACT? We have a complete guide on how to register for the ACT as a homeschool student. Are youwonderingwhen you should sign up to take the ACT for the first time?This guidedescribes the most important considerations to help you choose the best test date for you. What's a good ACT score for college?Check out our step-by-step guide to figure out your target score. Want to improve your ACT score by 4+ points? Download our free guide to the top 5 strategies you need in your prep to improve your ACT score dramatically.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Financial Resourcs Management - Essay Example It is therefore important to evaluate some of the risks and complications that arise as a result of operating in several countries when making capital financing decisions. Foreign exchange rates as a result of operations spanning several countries are a major risk for MNCs even when they are considering their capital structure and financing issues. A country with exchange rate controls means that the MNC will have difficulties with international capital low and the solution can only be the use of debt. The use of equity financing in such a country will affect the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to invest in other countries since there are limitations to the flow of capital from the country to another (Horcher, 2013). One of the major complications of financing MNCs related to the government or political environment is the taxation policies of the foreign country. Taxation has been viewed by various researchers as one of the major factors that influence the capital structure of an MNC. The debt to asset ratio of an MNC is positively related to the tax rate applicable in the host country and negatively related to that of the home country. This means that in case the corporate tax rate in a foreign country is high, a company will prefer to use debt financing in place of equity financing as a source of capital as it will reduce its tax liability and thus increased earnings (Huizinga, Laeven & Nicodame 2008). Legal issues may also bring about complications for MNCs such as the issue of repatriation of profits. If a country finances its operations using equity financing and the legal requirements in a country are that there are limitations to the repatriation of profits, this may affect the ability of the company to pay dividends to shareholders outside the country. Another issue is that using equity financing in a country that regulates operations in terms of employment of local people means that the MNC might
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Markting concept - Essay Example The second stage of product life cycle is growth. During the growth stage the product gains market acceptance and firms start generating good revenues. The profitability of the company improves during this stage. Since production increases the cost per unit decreases. The sales numbers increase as advertising campaigns target mass media audience instead of specialized marketplaces (Answers). The third stage of the product life cycle is the maturity stage. The maturing stage is a period in which the sales of product slow down because the most potential buyers already purchased the product. Competition increases during this stage and profits tend to go down. The final stage of the product life cycle is the declining stage. During the declining stage products are phased out as new products with greater utility come into the marketplace. During this stage sales plummet as profits erode. Price wars are common during this stage as competing companies want to capture the remaining market sh are of the marketplace. A product that recently went through a declining stage was cathode ray television sets. These types of televisions have become obsolete as flat screen LCD television sets have gone down in prices tremendously. The use of the product life cycle has helped me as a customer and it has impacted my work life.
Sunday, November 17, 2019
How Socio-Economic Classes Contributed to Events in 1800 Europe Essay Described as Ã¢â¬Å"the divine distribution of men into different ranks, and at the same time uniting them into one societyÃ¢â¬ (Gladstone, 1896), the socio-economic class order formed the structure and foundation of society in Europe. Consisting of three distinct entities and with a strong correspondence between economic prosperity and social standing, it would also serve as the backdrop for which historical phenomena would occur. EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s social order was not just the environment in which these events would materialize, but also a fundamental causal factor in three notable events; The French Revolution (1789-1799), The French Revolution of 1848 and BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s Industrial Revolution (1750 onwards). However, the origins of these events were also contingent upon other circumstantial factors. The roots of the first French revolution, arguably, are in The Enlightenment; the period of the philosophers. New philosophies advocating human rationality came to form by the mid 1700Ã¢â¬â¢s and were propelled into popular thought after the isolated, and highly charged, Jean Callas incident . Philosophers like Voltaire found the perfect vehicle in this incident to question the arbitrary use of power so prevalent in French society. The monarchy and the presence of the Social Order soon came into question. Across Europe, cafes sprung out to host discussion centered on the common theme of reason. Society cleaved toward enlightened ideas of rationality, equality and liberalism, leading to the growing questioning of the existing monarchial power structure. Alternative political ideologies for the state, from personalities like Rousseau and Locke, sprouted and undermined the legitimacy of the monarchy. While The Enlightenment is responsible for creating pressure from society against the monarchy, these ideas would have been impotent without suitable ground. The socio-economic categorizing of European society is a more fundamental cause of the first French Revolution because it provided this ground. The rigidity of the social order in late 17th century France accounts for the origins of the first French revolution. In theory, the social divisions were permeable and promoted mobility (Roberts, 1997). Across Europe, titles and estates could be purchased and so also, the privilege of the nobility. However the reality was often different. In light of booming trade, the demand for titles from the French bourgeoisie and returning nobility outstripped the number permitted by the social order . Furthermore, while the bourgeoisie enjoyed increasing economic power and could live equally, if not exceedingly, extravagant lives as the nobility, the social order shut this community out from the benefits of social privilege . This was exacerbated by the nobilityÃ¢â¬â¢s stress on privilege in response to the new Bourgeois economic threat. The systemÃ¢â¬â¢s disregard of merit in place of hereditary, and the fundamentally irrational social construct sowed discontentment within the second and third estate, where the ideals of enlightenment; rationality and equality, would find willing subscribers. Riding on the resentment toward societyÃ¢â¬â¢s order and fuelled by The EnlightenmentÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas did the French Revolution tear its way through to the Bastille. While the first French revolution was understandably a social battle, one could argue that the revolution of 1848 was born out of opposition to economic factors than on societyÃ¢â¬â¢s social construct. The time leading up to 1848 was a time of gradual industrialization for France. Its products; rapid urbanization and changes in economic practices, broke familiar social patterns of the working class. For instance, the commercial system was rewritten by doing away with the cottage industry and previously public lands, privatized. Added to this, a burgeoning population, severe industrial and agricultural depressions in 1846 and Louis-PhillipeÃ¢â¬â¢s inaction in alleviating rural and urban poverty culminated to create great peasant discontent. The economic change that accompanied its deterioration galvanized the working class, triggering the third French revolution in 1848; aptly, also known as a WorkerÃ¢â¬â¢s Revolution. However, it is artificial to separate economics from social class since there is a correspondence between social hierarchy and wealth. They are, after all, aptly named Ã¢â¬Å"socio-economicÃ¢â¬ classes. In analyzing yet another French revolution, an important observation to make is the persistence of EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s social order. Though the 1830 revolution delivered another great blow to the old social order (Magraw, 1987), and promised equality in opportunity and economic liberalism manifest in the abolishment of seigneurial practices for all, much had remained the same. Succinctly captured by CobbanÃ¢â¬â¢s argument that Ã¢â¬Ëit [did] not matter whether we [called] it aristocracy or bourgeoisieÃ¢â¬ , the cleaving of the aristocracy and bourgeoisie shows an adaption, not an eradication of the social order. The aristocracy kept to their ranks by continuing their distinctive politics and marriage practices (Magraw, 1987). Since most engaged with capitalism, they were mostly able to maintain their privileged lifestyle and control of much of the land . The Bourgeoisie continued to thrive, especially under the Ã¢â¬Å"Bourgeois KingÃ¢â¬ and even went as far as to convert their wealth into land ownership. This neo-feudalism masquerading as the product of laissez faire economic practices, and the continuation of aristocratic dominance came at the expense of the working class. Thus did the working class continue in their economically disadvantaged positions. Their economic dependence on the old orderÃ¢â¬â¢s aristocracy, had merely been replaced with a dependence on remnants of the same old order and a new Bourgeois one. The social order is a more fundamental account for the workers revolution, since it was responsible for creating the economic grievances of the working class which became the fuel for the 1848 revolution. The European social order again features as a causal factor in BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s Industrial Revolution. It is the very hierarchical nature of the class system that functioned as the engine for the Industrial Revolution. The industrial entrepreneurs of Britain, the main thrust for the innovation that characterized the revolution, took hold of BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s mineral resource advantage to affect rapid development. The motivations behind entrepreneurship are traced back to the make-up of society. Since social privilege was linked with economic wealth, successful merchants strived to purchase titles and convert their wealth into social status (Briggs, 1979). In this way, the extravagance of noble life, held in high regard, could be emulated. However, it is admittedly reductionistic to exclusively use the quest for noblehood to account for an entire revolution. Coupled with the desire for social advancement were also ideas from The Enlightenment and The Scientific Revolution; laissez faire economic practices and technological advancement respectively. Society as a whole was geared toward revolutionary development, equipped with the necessary ideology and possessing the necessary scientific capability. Nonetheless, the power of science and the power of thought would have remained a means without an end if not for the existence of EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s social class as the motivation to individuals for conomic advancement. Furthermore, the narrow elite which feature in EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s social order meant that there was a prolific number from the working class available for cheap employment and indeed, were the working class called upon for this. By 1850, more than 50% of the population were living in towns and city to work in factories and city-bound industries. The abundance of cheap labor comes from the old social orderÃ¢â¬â¢s narrow top and wide base, and it sustained and accelerated industrialization to revolutionary measures. Thus, we trace back the origins of the Industrial revolution to socio-economic classes. Social hierarchical ascension was the motivation, and the demographic make-up, the sustenance. Evidently, the causality of the three historical events covered is not monolithic. Though the contributing factors are layered and many, the role of socio-economic class is central. Its rigid, persistent and hierarchical institution shaped the motivations of humanity and in doing so, account for the origins of major events in History.
Thursday, November 14, 2019
Dear Brazilian Government, I recently attended a fascinating conference on resource use in the rainforest. I felt like I had to write this letter. I believe I have a way to solve the rainforest problems. We all just have to work together. Okay, first of all the government leaders already gave the rubber tappers and Native Amazonians land reserves. Which gave the government more land the long lost native amazonians. But the Rubber Tappers and the Native Amazonians fell they have always been the first to be in the rainforest and should get most and but all the land. And the government feels they need to share. That is this whole delima. Okay, I think that they should make the land deal towards the Native Amazonians and the Rubber tappers. I think this only because of the time they have survived on the rainforest resources. I have nothing against the Government, Ranchers, Settlers, ect. I will let the native amazonians and the rubber tappers get the 60% of all the land. Then they canÃ¢â¬â¢t complain. They still have plenty of trees and resources. The government and ranchers donÃ¢â¬â¢t cut down all the treeÃ¢â¬â¢s anyways. I believe that the groups will not be happy and excited but its a fair deal on my behalf. I think this is fair because the government had a chance to make urbanization and it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t work out to good. I just donÃ¢â¬â¢t want them to ruin the rainforest We need it for air. With this as the new land reserve, I know that the Rubber Tappers, EnviromentalistÃ¢â¬â¢s, and especially the Native Amazonians. But they will still be very angry to see the rainforest being cut down to grow crops that donÃ¢â¬â¢t grow good in the rainforest soil. I also think that the government,Ranchers, and settlers will be satisfied because they can understand( I HOPE) that the Amazonians were here to claim the land first. Besides they get 40% of all the land. They can have all they own resources to themselves and will get a piece of the river and everything.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Introduction The study of human behavior or behaviorism focuses on attributes of humanity that are discernible, measurable and which can be manipulated. The emphasis of behaviorism is on experimental methods and avoids attributes that are subjective, internal or unavailable. The experimental method involves the manipulation of one variable and measurement of its effect on another variable. It is from the study of variable and effects that a Canadian psychologist, Albert Bandura found the cognitive theory (or social cognitive theory) (Bandura, 2006). Bandura for instance observed aggressive behavior in adolescents and opined that the aggressiveness is caused by the environment in which the adolescents grow. On the other hand, he also realized that behavior causes an environment as well. Thus, since behavior and environment are causes and effects of each other, Bandura referred to the concept as reciprocal determinism (Bandura1986). In short, BanduraÃ¢â¬â¢s theory was based on the fact that the world and a personÃ¢â¬â¢s character (behavior) affect each other (Bandura, 1986). While it would appear that the environment was the cause of behavior and personality, Bandura also realized that personality is an interaction of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s psychological responses in relation to the environment (Bandura, 2006). The psychological processes consist of the human beingÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to entertain different images and languages. Thus, the cognitive theory is built on two essential principles. The first one is a framework for explaining how different personalities function, whereas the other one addresses the type of variables (that is the elements of analysis) on which the personality theory should be centred (Bandura, 2006). In analysis of the influence of reciprocal determinism, Bandura categorically uses the word Ã¢â¬Å"determinismÃ¢â¬ to imply the aspect in which effects are produced by events (Bandura, 2006). However, this opinion does not mean that a human beingÃ¢â¬â¢s actions arise from straightforward and predictable chains of cause and consequence. Rather, it implies that events produce effects by chance. As a result, the probability or chance of an event producing an effect is emphasized in BanduraÃ¢â¬â¢s cognitive theory (Bandura, 2006). Perhaps the most significant aspect of BanduraÃ¢â¬â¢s theory is the way in which the theory treats behavior. Unlike many other theoretical frameworks, this theory has equal action on both the input of the personality and the output of personality (Bandura, 1986). In essence, BanduraÃ¢â¬â¢s opinion is that a personÃ¢â¬â¢s actions and the resultant effects shape the personÃ¢â¬â¢s aptitude, feelings and belief in one self (Bandura, 2006). For example, many behaviorist theories depict scant curiosity in self-process because the theorists assume that human functioning is caused by external stimulus rather than the internal stimulus which is only considered as transmitting rather than causing behavior (Bandura, 1986). This paper critically evaluates the notable features of BanduraÃ¢â¬â¢s cognitive theory and discusses in detail the viewpoint of the Bandura at the time of formulation of the theory and the theoryÃ¢â¬â¢s subsequent modification. The paper will also appraise the strengths and weaknesses of the theory based on the discussion. Analysis of the salient features of BanduraÃ¢â¬â¢s cognitive theory The most notable feature of BanduraÃ¢â¬â¢s social cognitive theory is the concept of reciprocal determinism (Bandura, 1986). Reciprocal determinism is a phenomenon that implies the causes and effects of different actions on behavior and environment and how they affect each other. Thus, BanduraÃ¢â¬â¢s theory was based on the point that personal factors in the form of cognition, biological events and affect, behavior and environmental factors create interfaces that result in a triadic reciprocality as illustrated in Figure 1. Figure 1: The foundation of BanduraÃ¢â¬â¢s (1986) concept of the social cognitive theory. Source: Created from the description by Bandura (2006) Bandura modified the label of his theory from the common perspective of social learning to social cognitive in order to distance it from the common social learning theories of his time (Bandura, 1986). He also wanted to lay emphasis on the idea that cognition plays a significant role in peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s capability to construct reality, regulate their personality, encode information and display other kinds of behavior. According to Bandura (1971), the reciprocal form of the determinants of individual human functioning in social cognitive theory enables services such as therapeutic and counseling efforts to be rendered with focus on personal environment or behavioral factors as illustrated in the diagram above. Based on this, strategies to improve a personÃ¢â¬â¢s well-being can be aimed at ameliorating the emotional, cognitive and motivational process of the human being (Bandura, 1986). The focus can also be on improving behavioral capabilities or changing the communal conditions under which people live and work. As an example, teachers in schools have a role to not only improve their studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ academic learning and confidence, but also boost their (studentsÃ¢â¬â¢) self-beliefs and habits of thinking. Hence, teachers and students have to embrace all the components of BanduraÃ¢â¬â¢s triadic expression of cognitive theory. As earlier mentioned, BanduraÃ¢â¬â¢s social cognitive theory sets itself aside from other theories that overemphasize the role played by environmental factors in the development of human behavior (Bandura, 1986; Bandura, 2006). These theories are often dismissed since they have the redundant factor of cause and effect that is unworthy in the context of evaluating the psychological aspect of human beings. Thus according to Bandura, psychology per se without a clear self-examination cannot purport to explain the complexities of human intricacies of human functioning. Bandura (1986) further noted it is by evaluating their own conscious minds that people discern their own psychological processes. Therefore, in order to predict how the human behavior is affected by environmental outcomes, it is imperative that the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s cognitive process and how he or she interprets the outcomes be understood.
Saturday, November 9, 2019
A Visit to the Zoo Zoo is a place where all sorts of tame and wild animals are kept. There are birds and beasts which tell us about the flora and fauna of our country as well as foreign countries. It is in this respect a giver of knowledge and information. Delhi zoo is housed in the Purana Kila on the Mathura Road. It has a fine and rare collection of birds and animals from all parts of the world. The zoo is spread over several acres of land. The birds and animals are kept, as far as possible, in their natural surroundings. There is a moat encircling the enclosures of wild animals so that they might not escape.One day I went to the zoo in the company of some of my friends. We bought tickets at the gate, and entered the zoo. First we came upon the enclosure where water fowls were swimming in water. The ducks and drakes were swimming and picking up things thrown to them. We enjoyed their playful antics for some time and moved on. Next we came to the enclosure of the wild animals. There were lions, tigers, and leopards belonging to different countries. The Gir lion of India seemed to be most ferocious. The enclosures smelt of meat, provided to them everyday.In another enclosure were the monkeys. They too, were of several varieties. The ape with a black face seemed to be the most mischievous. He was all the time grinning at the onlookers. The visitors threw parched grams to the monkeys and they seemed to relish it. At a small distance we saw a peacock. It was dancing. I ran to that side. The peacock seemed td be unmindful of the presence of the crowd. Closeby was an enclosure for the deer. It covered a vast area and the deer were roaming about freely- Near to the enclosure we saw a buffalo-like animal.It was the rhino munching some maize plants. It looked dreadful with its sharp horn on the nose. The sight of the rhino at once reminded me of the adventure of Colonel White as given in our text-book of English. On our way back we saw some elephants. They were being u sed for a joy-ride on payment. Lastly, we saw the covered enclosures where birds were flying about. They were of different colours and shapes. Now it was getting dark. The bell rang and we came out. The visit to the zoo added a good deal to our knowledge of birds and beasts.
Thursday, November 7, 2019
Mr. StevensÃ¢â¬â¢ journey across the countryside coincided with his journey through his career in search of affirmation of dignity and having served a noble cause- or rather, a noble man of dignified morals. Stevens, like the majority of society, wants to find purpose in his life. Just as everyone looks back on their careers hoping that they did something worthwhile with their life, Stevens does as well- hoping that he made a difference. During his drive, Stevens begins to recall his time under Lord DarlingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s service and thinks back about what kind of employer he was. Stevens encounters and recalls several individuals during his journey who make assumptions about Stevens and instead of being outright honest, Stevens blatantly deceives these people. While there are consistent points of deception throughout Kazuo IshiguroÃ¢â¬â¢s The Remains of the Day, they are primarily those of Stevens deceiving himself about his time and service under Lord Darlington. It is only at three major points in the novel which Stevens blatantly deceives others. StevensÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas about dignity and his service under Lord Darlington must be examined in order to gain a better understanding of why he felt the need to reminisce- evaluating his career- and why he blatantly deceived others. According to both the Hayes Society and Mr. Stevens Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËgreatÃ¢â¬â¢ butlers are distinguished by their Ã¢â¬ËdignityÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (p. 33). Although one of StevensÃ¢â¬â¢ colleagues claims that dignity is comprised of something one either possesses or does not simply by a Ã¢â¬Ëfluke of natureÃ¢â¬â¢, StevensÃ¢â¬â¢ disagrees, arguing, Ã¢â¬Å"dignity is something one can meaningfully strive for throughout oneÃ¢â¬â¢s careerÃ¢â¬ (p. 33). Stevens looks at his career, wondering if he strove hard enough to achieve the status of a Ã¢â¬Ëgood butlerÃ¢â¬â¢ and if he was dignified. As he journeys cross-country Stevens attempts to analyze his greatness, Ã¢â¬Å"It is surely a professional responsibility for all of u... Free Essays on Personal Worth In Remains Of The Day Free Essays on Personal Worth In Remains Of The Day Mr. StevensÃ¢â¬â¢ journey across the countryside coincided with his journey through his career in search of affirmation of dignity and having served a noble cause- or rather, a noble man of dignified morals. Stevens, like the majority of society, wants to find purpose in his life. Just as everyone looks back on their careers hoping that they did something worthwhile with their life, Stevens does as well- hoping that he made a difference. During his drive, Stevens begins to recall his time under Lord DarlingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s service and thinks back about what kind of employer he was. Stevens encounters and recalls several individuals during his journey who make assumptions about Stevens and instead of being outright honest, Stevens blatantly deceives these people. While there are consistent points of deception throughout Kazuo IshiguroÃ¢â¬â¢s The Remains of the Day, they are primarily those of Stevens deceiving himself about his time and service under Lord Darlington. It is only at three major points in the novel which Stevens blatantly deceives others. StevensÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas about dignity and his service under Lord Darlington must be examined in order to gain a better understanding of why he felt the need to reminisce- evaluating his career- and why he blatantly deceived others. According to both the Hayes Society and Mr. Stevens Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËgreatÃ¢â¬â¢ butlers are distinguished by their Ã¢â¬ËdignityÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (p. 33). Although one of StevensÃ¢â¬â¢ colleagues claims that dignity is comprised of something one either possesses or does not simply by a Ã¢â¬Ëfluke of natureÃ¢â¬â¢, StevensÃ¢â¬â¢ disagrees, arguing, Ã¢â¬Å"dignity is something one can meaningfully strive for throughout oneÃ¢â¬â¢s careerÃ¢â¬ (p. 33). Stevens looks at his career, wondering if he strove hard enough to achieve the status of a Ã¢â¬Ëgood butlerÃ¢â¬â¢ and if he was dignified. As he journeys cross-country Stevens attempts to analyze his greatness, Ã¢â¬Å"It is surely a professional responsibility for all of u...
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
Best SAT Prep Books 2019 SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips There are a lot of "Best SAT Books" lists out there, but we think that most of them arenÃ¢â¬â¢t very good or thorough. As a result, IÃ¢â¬â¢ve tried to write a much better guide here. In this article, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll learn which books are absolutely critical for your SAT prep, which books you can use to improve your individual section scores, and which books you'll need if youÃ¢â¬â¢re aiming for a top score. More importantly, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll learn how to use these SAT prep books for effective studying. This guide is pretty detailed, so here are reference links you can use to jump directly to different parts of the article. That said, I recommend reading the whole guide if you can! What's Better About This Guide to the Best SAT Books? Who Is This SAT Prep Books Guide For? Critical SAT Prep Books Best SAT Books by Subject Best Books for Top SAT Scorers Best All-in-One Book for Less Motivated Low Scorers The #1 SAT Prep Book to Avoid Buying Other Free Resources to Help You Plan Your SAT Prep Is Using SAT Prep Books the Best Option for You? WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Better About This Guide to the Best SAT Books? Since your SAT score is important for yourcollege applications and youÃ¢â¬â¢ll likely spend a fair amount of time studying for the test, itÃ¢â¬â¢s important to get the right advice. Follow the wrong advice, and by the time you realize it's wrong, it'll probably be too late to improve your SAT score. Ideally, you'll vet any advice you get (including ours) before deciding on yourSAT prep plan. Before you read each article in your research, be sure to ask yourself, "Why should I trust this person online giving me SAT advice?" Well, we answer that question right here. HereÃ¢â¬â¢s why this SAT prep books guide is far better than others you might find online: I explain in detail why certain SAT books are good and what each book's flaws are. You probably havenÃ¢â¬â¢t heard of some of these prep books; many are newer or less well known and thus aren't featured as widely as books from more popular companies with larger marketing budgets. Most other SAT books guides just list a few books without context, but we tell you every critical piece of information you need to know before buying a book. I believe itÃ¢â¬â¢s important to target your weaknesses and where you need to prep.IÃ¢â¬â¢ll point out SAT books that are best for training for specific sections and books that are better for low or high scorers. Other guides assume that all students are the same, but we tailor ours to a variety of test-taker levels. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t get paid for promoting these SAT books over others.I don't know any of these authors personally. In reality, IÃ¢â¬â¢ve studied dozens of SAT prep books, and these are the ones I'd use if I myself were prepping. Other sites, such as about.com and reviews.com, get paid to adjust theirrankings or get kickbacks from publishers for mentioning their prep books. I like to think that I know what IÃ¢â¬â¢m talking about. I scored two perfect scores on the SAT and have worked directly with thousands of students prepping for the SAT. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve helped test takers of all levels, from those scoring around 800 to those aiming for 1530+. Other writers don't have the expertise needed to differentiate between good and bad SAT books, and end up recommending books as an afterthought. One important disclaimer: IÃ¢â¬â¢m co-founder of PrepScholar, an online SAT/ACT prep program. I believe weÃ¢â¬â¢ve built the best SAT prep program available. Itdiagnoses your strengths and weaknessesand gives you a structured all-in-one guide, combining the best aspects of the SAT books below so you can know exactly what to study at every point in your prep. I want to stress that you donÃ¢â¬â¢t need a prep program to do well on the SAT. In fact, writing this guide could lose us some customers if you decide you donÃ¢â¬â¢t need a program after all. If, however, you're not interested in managing 10 books and would rather have an integrated program that's customized to your learning style,check out our SAT prep program now. In either case, if youÃ¢â¬â¢re serious about SAT prep, keep reading. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points? Tired of wasting time prepping in ways that don't work? We have the industry's leading SAT prep program. Built by Harvard grads and SAT full scorers, the program learns your strengths and weaknesses through advanced statistics, then customizes your prep program to you so you get the most effective prep possible. It's the best prep program available right now. Best of all, we guarantee your money back if you don't improve your score by 160 points or more. Check out our 5-day free trial today: Improve Your SAT Score by 160+ Points, Guaranteed Who Is This SAT Prep Books Guide For? First, this guide is for students who are serious about test prep.You need to be motivated to get a high score, and you need to be willing to put in hard work. Getting through these books will take dozens of hours simply because the SAT covers so much material. If you plan to study just five hours or so, your choice of book won't make much difference.In this case, it's best to focus on taking anofficial SAT practice test and reviewing your answers. With such little prep time, your score wonÃ¢â¬â¢t go up much in the end, so don't expect any miracles. Buying SAT prep books is the first and easiest step of SAT prep. You'll need to put in serious work to actually get the score improvements you want, though. In the following sections, we explain the best ways to get the most out of each SAT book we recommend. Secondly, this guide targets students who want to improve their scores by more than 100 points. To consistently score this much higher on the SAT, you'll need more than just tricks; you'll need to understand the actual contentbeing tested- that is, the underlying math concepts and grammar rules. Don't bother with ineffective "tricks" that simply make you feel as though you've learned something when you actually haven't. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re only looking to improve your score by 50 points or so, however, itÃ¢â¬â¢s possible for you to do this just byretaking the SAT, especially if youÃ¢â¬â¢ve taken the test only once. Lastly,to improve your score through SAT prep books, you'll need to have an excellent study strategy.It isn't enough to just read a book cover to cover- you must focus on your weaknesses by brushing up on the content you struggle with the most. Unfortunately, many students spend dozens of hours poring over one book after another without improving their SAT scores.Why? Because they're not understanding what their weaknesses areand aren'tfocusing their time on their weaknesses. Without learning how to attack your weak spots, you won't improve your SAT score! It might sound obvious, but it's pretty hard for many students to do this well. I write a lot more about how to prep for the SAT inmy guide to a perfect SAT score. It's also how I designed our online SAT program to do all of the hard structural work for you. Ultimately, if youÃ¢â¬â¢re serious about SAT score improvement and want to study with top prep books, this is the guide for you. The Best SAT Prep Books of 2019 For this guide, weÃ¢â¬â¢re going to divide our picks for the best SAT books into the following categories: Critical Books:These are must-have SAT books for your prep, no matter your strengths or weaknesses. Subject-Specific Books: These are by far the best books to use to better your SAT Reading, Math, and Writing skills. Books for Top Scorers:These SAT prep books are guaranteed to push you over the top and help you get the best score you're capable of achieving. Books for Low Scorers and Low Motivation: If you only want to study for a few hours and improve your SAT score just slightly, these books are OK to use. Otherwise, avoid them. The #1 Book to Avoid: The book I always used to recommend for the old version of the SAT is now squarely on the "Do Not Buy" list. Find out why! Since the format of the SAT changed so much in early 2016, I do NOT recommend using old SAT books to study for the current SAT. Although older SAT practice tests doshare some similarities with newer ones, you'll waste a lot of time studying for the wrong topics and questions if you don't know exactly how the old SAT differs from the current SAT. Therefore, always use books that target the current SAT (that is, books published in 2016 or later), such as the ones listed below. You can also use our online SAT prep programto learn more about your specific weaknesses and how you can improve them. Critical SAT Prep Books These are the books I believe all test takers should have, regardless of their SAT scores or what skills they need to improve. This is an extremely high standard to meet- in fact, there are only two books out of dozens IÃ¢â¬â¢ve tested that qualify for this title. We introduce them below. Official SATPractice Tests WeÃ¢â¬â¢ve written at length about the importance of official SAT practice questions. As you might know, the SAT is a bizarre exam that tests concepts in ways youÃ¢â¬â¢ve never seen in school. Thus, you must train with realistic questions in order to accurately learn the patterns of the SAT. Official SAT tests released by the College Board are the gold standard for practice questions. At present, there are 10 official tests. These aren't exactly a "prep book" in the standard sense, but altogether they make up quite an important resource not too different from a book. Each test contains real questions given to actual students on previous administrations of the SAT. Without a doubt, the quality of official questions is far better than that of questions written by unofficial sources such as Kaplan or Barron's. Even better,all official SAT practice tests are free!You can download the tests as PDFs from the College Board website orour complete guide to official SAT practice tests. Make sure to print them out to get the realistic on-paper testing experience. Pros They're the best set of SAT practice tests you can get anywhere, period.If you want to take a full-length practice test, these are absolutely the ones you should use first. Each test is completely free to access and download. 10 full-length practice tests mean a decent amount of studying. If each test takes about four hours to take and two hours to review, that's a solid 60 hours of study time. Answers and answer explanations are available for all questions. Cons Most students will find that the answer explanations aren't that helpful for self-learning. Many explanations read like this: "A is wrong because A is wrong. B is correct for these reasons." In other words, they don't show you how to solve the question from step one. If you don't know key strategies such as how to approach reading passages or how to plug in numbers for math problems, you'll need a different resource to teach you. The tests don't offer anyother instructional material.If youÃ¢â¬â¢re bad at algebra, you canÃ¢â¬â¢t rely on this resource alone.These tests are just that- practice tests and practice questions. Nothing else! With only 10 practice tests available, there's not enough practice material for more motivated students or those seeking a large score improvement. You'll want to have one test to get used to the format and figure out your current score level, three to track your progress, one to take right before the actual test, and a couple to keep as backups. Unfortunately, you'll need more practice questions to drill with than you can get from the leftover tests to get really good at the SAT (which is why our prep program has the equivalent of four more practice tests to help you improve your skills). You have to print out the PDFs yourself to be able to work through them on paper. But in my opinion, this is better than having to buythe tests as hard copies (more on this later). Taking practice tests without a system for learning SAT content isnÃ¢â¬â¢t going to improve your score, and the tests don'tprovide any guidance on how to do this.Remember, mastering the SAT is as much about strategy as it is about content! SAT Prep Black Book, Second Edition TheBlack Book byMike and Patrick Barrettis the only other critical book I recommend for SAT prep. Unfortunately, the book itself isn't sufficient, and even with the practice tests above youÃ¢â¬â¢ll likely need supplemental help (as I explain below). What it does have, though, is so good that I believe every student studying with SAT prep books should read it. What youÃ¢â¬â¢ll get from the Black Book is essentially a way to think about the SAT. But what does this mean exactly? Here are a few examples: You'll learn that the SAT is designed to be a predictable, standardized test.It needs to test basic concepts so that it can be administered nationwide to all students, but it also needs to be difficult, so it often distorts questions in a weird way. It explains how every answer on the SAT must be unambiguously correct,or else test takers would complain that their incorrect answers are correct. Therefore, your main strategy should be to rule out all incorrect answer choices- this is especiallyimportant on SAT Reading. The concepts in this book were things I understood intuitively back when I took the SAT and was studying for a perfect score. This resource influenced the way I think about teaching our students at PrepScholar. Overall, of all books on the market, the Black Book aligns most closely with my personal philosophies on how to succeed on the SAT. Pros It offers a very lucid take on the SAT. Its ideas will not only change your view on the SAT but also motivate you to work harder by showing you that any student can excel on it. The book contains practical strategies that are more helpful than those in most other SAT books. Unlike other popular prep books, this one doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t rely on ineffective tricks. It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t assume all students are the same.Rather, the book offers a few alternatives for strategies, and then suggests you try them out to see which ones work best for you. The book has a thorough set of answer walkthroughs for all Reading, Writing, and Math questions in the first four official SAT practice tests (included in the recommended "book" above). Each explanation clearly breaks down how to approach the question and get the right answer. Cons The book requires a ton of self-discipline and insight to be able to use it effectively. Because youÃ¢â¬â¢re learning from your mistakeswith no one there to guide you, you must be self-driven and willing to experiment with different strategies to figure out which one works best for you. For some students, following a set of straight guidelines could be less confusing. The fundamental content is lacking. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re weak in word problems, for example, this book alone will not help you master the subject. I believe in recognizing your weaknesses and then mastering that skill through focused prep and practice questions. While this book gives you a general approach to SAT prep, it doesn't teach you the specific content you'll need to know. It's fairly long (more than 550 pages!), with answer explanations that often feelrepetitive; however, that's partly due to the structure of the SAT itself (remember, it's a standardized test and therefore repetitive in how it tests certain skills). I personally disagree with some of the key points in this book.For example, the writers believe you should aim to reach a certain skill level rather than aim for a particular score. By contrast, I believe that setting an SAT score goal is a useful motivator. Once again, I highly recommend these two resources for all students studying with (or only with) SAT prep books. We cover most of the important concepts in the Black Book in our SAT prep program and also provide focused practice on individual skills. As mentioned above, you'll most likely need specific training on each subject to be able to shore up your weaknesses. Next, we provide you with key resources for individual subjects on the SAT. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points?We've written a guide about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Best SAT Books by Subject Beyond the critical SAT books covered above, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll likely need supplemental help on specific SAT sections. Here, we discuss the best prep books to use for SAT Reading, Math, and Writing. These books all follow my SAT prep philosophy: Divide SAT content into skills, and then get focused training on those skills. Use realistic, high-quality questions that prep you well for the SAT. Cover only what you need to know- not advanced material that won't be on the SAT. Best SAT Reading Prep Book In my experience with thousands of students, SAT Reading is the most difficult section score to improve.This section uses logical reasoning skills that arenÃ¢â¬â¢t as easily mastered as math concepts or grammar rules are. As a result, itÃ¢â¬â¢s extremely important to learn what kinds of questions will be asked and how you can approach them in a systematic way. My recommendation for best SAT Reading book is The Critical Reader: The Complete Guide to SAT Reading, Third Editionby Erica L. Meltzer. This book dissects the SAT Reading section by question type and skill, and does a great job teaching the core of what each question is asking. It also clearly explains how to work with a passage to arrive at the correct answer. Of all writers, Meltzer uses an approach to SAT Reading prep that aligns most closely with mine: todrill questions skill by skill so you can recognize patterns. Pros It offers a great breakdown of the Reading section on a skill-by-skill level, as well as helpful strategies for every question type. This is the same approach we use in our own SAT prep program. There are lots of high-quality, realistic passages and questions.Meltzer uses passages that are extremely similar to those youÃ¢â¬â¢ll see on the actual SAT. The book has a helpful guide listing the questions on the SAT by skillso you can get even more focused practice. Cons The cost is somewhat high for a book that covers just one SAT section (about $30-$35). Its writing style is dry and clinicallike that of an academic textbook. It feels very formal and there are no images to break up the text. I personally prefer this style- cut out the fluff- but it can be too dense for some students. What this means is thatyou might not even read the book because you find it so boring. Its lack of creative page layouts and lots of text on large pages can get tiresome- sort of like reading a phone book. Best SAT Math Prep Book My philosophy on SAT Math is that the best way to significantly improve your Math score is to learn the underlying content.Getting familiar with math questions and learning some strategies like plugging in answer choicescan help you make some progress, but youÃ¢â¬â¢ll quickly run into a wall if you have gaps in your underlying math knowledge. Your best bet, therefore, is to find a book that canteach you math content in an organized way and give you practice problems you can use to focus on individual skills. It should also cater to your skill levelsince math questions that are too hard or easy for you will be a waste of time. For these reasons, I recommend Steve WarnerÃ¢â¬â¢s series of SAT Math books.He's written multiple SAT prep books for beginner, intermediate, and advanced students, and has a set of 240 SAT Math problems organized by topic and difficulty. Pros Lessons that teach math concepts are clear and helpful. They suggest ways to speed up your ability to solve questions and help you identify what a question is really asking. Practice questions are all fairly realistic with good answer explanations. Customizing your SAT Math practice by skill level is important. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re scoring below 600, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s no reason to focus on attacking the hardest questions on the test. Warner's books give you appropriate practice for your specific math level. Cons The books' categories aretoo broad, makingit difficult to find specific math concepts to practice. In contrast,our SAT programsplits large topics into smaller subjects. In algebra, for example, we go over linear functions, single-variable equations, andsystems of equations.By focusing on each individual skill, you can more accurately pinpoint your weaknesses and drill them in your prep. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re planning to make a large score improvement, you'll need to buy multiple SAT Math books, which can end up costing you around $100.This is pretty pricey for basically pages of practice questions. Math questions can get repetitive from book to book,as though they're being generated from templates. You definitely need to supplement these books with real practice tests to get broader exposure to how the College Board phrases SAT Math questions. The SAT has some creative, out-there Math questions that I donÃ¢â¬â¢t see covered well in Warner's books. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re really struggling with SAT Math at a basic level (say, scoring 500 and below), I recommend supplementing your work with Khan AcademyÃ¢â¬â¢s math modules. This website is a free program that provides an engaging way to train your most basic skills. I believe the core Khan Academy program has better instruction than itsSAT prep program, even though it's not focused on the SAT. Best SAT Writing Prep Book The best way to excel at SAT Writing is to understand the grammar rules and how they appear on the test. You also need to answer a lot of high-quality practice questions to ensure you learn the patterns of the SAT (thatÃ¢â¬â¢s how we designed our online SAT program to teach you grammar!). Once again, IÃ¢â¬â¢m returning to Erica L. Meltzer for her SAT grammar books.MeltzerÃ¢â¬â¢s fantastic at distilling all the rules of English grammar into what you need to know for the SAT; you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t learn any arcane grammar concepts not on the SAT. For the rules that are tested, Meltzer presents them clearly and covers their foundations in case youÃ¢â¬â¢ve forgotten grammar rules learned in school. Unlike her single prep book covering SAT Reading, Meltzer has two books for SAT Writing: The Critical Reader: The Ultimate Guide to SAT Grammar, Fourth Edition: This bookcovers all SAT grammar rules you need to know and offers exercises to help you learn how to analyze grammar in the context of passages. The Critical Reader: The Ultimate Guide to SAT Grammar Workbook, Fourth Edition:This book offers hundreds of SAT practice questions, equivalent to six full-length Writing tests, as training material. Neither book is sufficient on its own, which is a big drawback. The first one doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have enough SAT Writing questions to let you really drill grammar rules. Meanwhile, the second one doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t teach grammar rules, and questions arenÃ¢â¬â¢t organized by rule. These problems can complicate studying for students, but I still believe these are the best SAT Writing books out there. Pros Each book uses a clear writing style and cleanly articulates SAT grammar rules. The books cover only what you need to know for SAT Writing and omit extraneous material. A lot of SAT grammar books suffer from including too many esoteric rules that aren't tested on the SAT. The Writing practice questions are all fairlyrealistic. Cons There's no guidance on study strategy.The books offer a nice breakdown of the SAT, but you don't get instruction on how to use each book to best maximize your Writing score. Like other SAT resources,the price for each book is a bit high- about $30.They have good content, but I believe Meltzer could get a lot more customers by lowering her prices. I'd prefer a more unified, skill-based approach in a single book.Ideally, you'd practice single grammar rules with practice questions and then bring them all together in a full-length practice test. At PrepScholar, we believe in a unified, seamless experience, and integrate test content, customization, and feedback into a single package. Bonus: Looking for the very best guides to every SAT section? Check out our top guides for every single section of the SAT. Choose the score level you're aiming for: 800 Score Guides: SAT Reading | SAT Writing | SAT Math | SAT Essay Choose these guides if you're scoring a 600 or above on a section, and you want to get the highest SAT score possible. 600 Score Guides: SAT Reading | SAT Writing | SAT Math | SAT Essay Choose these guides if you're scoring below a 600 on a section, and you want to boost your score to at least a 600 level. These are the very best guides available on boosting your SAT score, section by section. They're written by Harvard grads and perfect SAT scorers. Don't disappoint yourself- read these guides and improve your score today. Best Books for Top SAT Scorers As you can see, you already have a lot to work on. With 10 full-length practice tests and more than five SAT books at your disposal, you'll be studying for well over 50 hours. By using the guidelines we recommend, you can make huge improvements in your score. If you still need extra practice, though, I recommend Barron's SAT prep books, especially if you want a perfect or near-perfect score. I remember using these books for my own SAT prep in high school. While their questions aren't as good as those in official SAT practice tests, theyÃ¢â¬â¢re a solid backup source to use when you finish all the other SAT prep books above. Pros Each book offers a lot of content- thousands of practice questions and detailed lessons with many examples. The books areextremely thorough, covering every nook and cranny of what you need to know for the SAT. You can be confident that little is tested outside of whatÃ¢â¬â¢s in these books. Cons The topics can get too difficult for what you need to know on the SAT. Some questions get unrealistically hard in a way youÃ¢â¬â¢d never see on the actual test. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re not an SAT expert yet, you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be able to detect when this happens and might end up wasting time studying irrelevant concepts. The books lack clear direction on whatÃ¢â¬â¢s important and what's not for the SAT. For example, a grammar rule that appears once every SAT gets the same number of pages as a grammar rule that appears eight times on the SAT. Specifically, algebra is really important but gets far too little treatment. These are definitely not the books to use if you have limited time to study for the SAT. Not all SAT strategies are top notch.For example, I have mixed feelings about the SAT Reading passage strategies detailed in these books. Best All-in-One Book for Less Motivated Low Scorers So far my recommendations have been primarily for the super ambitious students who really want to improve their SAT scores.But I know that there are some students who just want to put in a few hours of prep, get exposure to the test, and then take the SAT and forget about it. I personally believe that for most test takers, raising your SAT score is the best way to improve your chances of college admission. If you don't want to put in hours of time to raise your score, I strongly suggest questioning your approach to test prep. Still, some of you either won't have the time or motivation to prep better. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re one of those just hoping to get the SAT over with, I recommend usingKaplanÃ¢â¬â¢s SAT Prep Plus 2019. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s an all-in-one book that covers the three sections and has a wide assortment of practice questions and tests. The book doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t excel at any of what itÃ¢â¬â¢s doing,but it addresses the most important bases for SAT prep. It also has more reasonable content than other all-in-one SAT books like the one by The Princeton Review. The truth is, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t love this book. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t even really like it. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t recommend it if you actually want to improve your score and are willing to put in the study time needed to do so. However, if you just want a single resource that's easily digestible and does an OK job teaching you the basics, this book is the best one out there. Pros It covers all three SAT sections and contains five full-length practice tests. At about $20, it's quite affordable for the breadth of SAT content it covers. The book offers some basic test-taking strategies that can get you a few easy points if you're new to standardized testing and often feel like you have no idea what to do. Cons Practice questions tend to be unrealistic- the book doesn't phrase questions the way the SAT would and doesn't always test concepts correctly. In addition, the questions donÃ¢â¬â¢t trick you in the same ways the real test does. Answers and other materials have a lot of errors,indicatingpoor quality control. You'll probably notice many of these mistakes yourself, but if you don't catch them you'll learn the wrong facts and strategies. The strategies are not super helpful once you move past a 600 score in a section. To improve beyond this point, you'll need tomaster specific content and develop customized strategies based on your weaknesses. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points?We've written a guide about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: The #1 SAT Prep Book to AVOID Buying Unlike every other section in this guide, I'm making one specific recommendation againstbuying an SAT book. This is particularly unusual because, prior to 2015, this was the #1 SAT prep book to get! So what book is it? None other than The Official SAT Study Guide, 2020 Edition. It feels really weird to recommend not buying this book because, for years and years, this wasthe book to use to study for the SAT. This guide used to contain 10 full-length practice tests you could only get by buying the book. Here's the problem today, though:everything in this book is available for free online. You just go to the College Board website and download PDFs for every section of the book. (The practice tests contained in it are my #1 recommendation at the beginning of this article.) So why release this guide for free? This is all part of the College Board's move to make the SAT more accessibleto test takers and to reduce educational inequality. Such an endeavor is admirable, and I support them- but it also means thatThe Official SAT Study Guide is now a waste of money.What's more, the material outside the practice tests is superficial and overall unhelpful (we've written far better guides on the Reading, Math, and Writingsections, all of which are available on our blog for free). Pros The guide has eight official SAT practice tests pre-printed for you, so you don't need to print them out yourself. It can be ripped apart for fire kindling or birdcage lining. Cons Everything inthis guide isavailable for free through the College Board website (which actually has two additional practice tests not in this book). The book doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t provide any instructional material, so don't expect to actually learn skills and content here. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re bad at algebra, you canÃ¢â¬â¢t rely on this book alone. Most test takers buy it for the tests, and the College Board knows this. Taking practice tests without a system for learning isnÃ¢â¬â¢t going to improve your score, and the book doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t provide any guidance on how to do this. Other Free Resources to Help You Plan Your SAT Prep More important than buying SAT books is knowing how to use them effectively. The more prep books you have, the more important it is to build a unified study system. We've written thorough guides to help guide you through your SAT studies. Before you buy any books, though,take a realistic SAT practice test to assess what areas you're weak in. Check outour guide on how to set up a diagnostic practice testif you aren't sure where to start. After taking this first practice test, you'll need to go over your results in detail to pinpoint your weaknesses; this will help you determine where you should spend your prep time and money. For instance, if you did fine on the Reading and Writing sections but bombed Math, you'll want to focus your prep on Math and potentially invest in the SAT Math books recommended above. It's also important to set a target SAT scoreso you know what your end goal is for your SAT prep. Students aiming for around 1200 (600 on Math and600 on Evidence-Based Reading and Writing) should use different strategies and prep books than students shooting for 1600. If you're aiming for a top score, check out my comprehensive guide detailing how I got a perfect SAT score. Finally, you'll need to build a study plan that works well with your schedule and lets you figure out the best time to take the SAT. We offer a free guide explaining thefive essential components of an SAT study program guaranteed to improve your score by 160+ points. Use these free resources to guide yourself through the maze that is SAT prep. (FutUndBeidl/Flickr) Is Using SAT Prep Books the Best Option for You? There are a lot of prep methods available, and book studying is just one of them. To explore all our options, let's quickly examine whether using SAT prep books is right for you. Students who choose to study for the SAT with books do so for different reasons. Some use books because they're cheaper than other options like prep programs and tutors. That said, the best SAT books can get expensive:if you buy all top books, you'll be spending around $200.This is close to the cost of our online SAT prep program, which goes beyond books by guiding your studies step by step and motivating you to put in study time. Other students use SAT prep books because they're self-motivated and like teaching themselves. If this isn't you, books can be a disappointing way for you to spend your time prepping. Without a solid study strategy, you can put in dozens of hours yet make zero improvement since you're not understanding your weaknesses and how to fix them. By far one of the most important ways to improve your SAT score is to study and learn from your mistakes.If you can't do this reliably, you'll need extra help to get you started.We've written a free guide comparing various methods of SAT prep. Download this to see which methods are best for you. Recap: The Best SAT Book in Every Category Here's our shortlist of the best SAT prep books for 2019, complete with links: Best Critical SAT Books Official SAT Practice Tests SAT Prep Black Book (Second Edition) Best SAT Subject-Specific Books The Critical Reader: The Complete Guide to SAT Reading, Third Edition Steve Warner's SAT Math books The Critical Reader: The Ultimate Guide to SAT Grammar, Fourth Editionand its companion Grammar Workbook Best SAT Books for Top Scorers Barron's SAT prep books Best SAT Book for Low Scorers and Low Motivation Kaplan's SAT Prep Plus 2019 We've given you an excellent array of SAT books to choose from. Now, it's time to start looking for the ones you think will help you the most and get studying! Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or more? We've put our best advice into a single guide. These are the 5 strategies you MUST be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download this free SAT guide now: What's Next? Understanding your SAT target score is critical for success. Read our step-by-step guide to help you figure out what exact SAT score you need to aim foron test day. Want to score a super high SAT score?Get all the tips and expert advice you need in my guide to getting a perfect SAT score. Looking for additional SAT prep help?Check out our picks for the top SAT prep websites and the top SAT apps you should be using in your studies. Check out our industry-leading online SAT program. We've designed it to cover all the advantages of books and tutors at an affordable price. Featuring in-depth strategy lessons and thousands of practice questions, we have the content from the leading books. We include the critical Official SAT Study Guide above. Beyond that, the program acts like your personal tutor. It guides you step-by-step through what you should be working on at every moment to best improve your score. It customizes to your strengths and weaknesses, then gives you focused practice so you learn the patterns on the SAT. Furthermore, it motivates you to study so that you put in enough time. There's a 160 point guarantee- if you don't improve your score by 160 points, you get all your money back.
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Ethics & Morality in the Health Professions - Essay Example Such situations are termed as Ã¢â¬Å"ethical dilemmasÃ¢â¬ . The ethical principles guide the doctor or any health professional in moving forward in his act of decision-making in a more virtuous manner which is best in the interest of the patient. Moreover, the code of ethics is also designed to describe restriction of the health professionals which are applicable at a certain point of their medical practice. The main objective of every physician should be providing their patients with the best of medical help and cause no harm to their health. One significant ethical issue is the freedom of choice that is given to the patients which is termed as autonomy. The autonomy literally means self-governance which is explained as the right of the patients to choose what is best for them after they have been clarified about the harms and benefits related to any medical procedure. The term informed consent elaborates this notion. It describes the act of deciding for oneself after acknowledgin g all the relevant information. However, there are certain conditions where the person might not act in this manner. These cases include the lack of adequate understanding and education of the person or if the information is concealed from that person. Although the right of autonomy is recognized widely and every measure is taken to provide this privilege to the patient but in some conditions the intervention of the health professional